**Honeycomb Math**

*Supplies, instructions, resources, and worksheets are below!*

**Project Description**

For thousands of years, nature knew the most efficient shape to make a honeycomb was the hexagon. The hexagon is the best shape to divide a surface into regions of equal area with the least total perimeter. Why would this be important to honey bees? In this STEM project, you learn about the efficiency of the hexagon shape, and it’s importance to bees and their honeycomb.

**Activity Time**

1 Day

**Supplies Recommended**

Investigative Worksheet

1 piece of brown construction paper

1-2 piece of yellow construction paper

1 piece of black construction paper

2 clear plastic spoons (or use paper for the wings)

fine tip black marker

glue stick

scissors

**Learning Objectives**

Understand the efficiency of shapes

Understand how bees make honeycombs

**Vocabulary Terms to Understand**

Look up each word and write the definition on the back of the Lined Paper.

vertices

angles

peremeter

area

volume

regular hexagon

irregular hexagon

honeycomb

cells

structure

pattern

**Instructional Videos**

**Instructions**

1. Print the Investigative Worksheet.

2. Watch the instructional videos above to learn about hexagons and why this shape is used to create honeycombs.

3. Read through the resources below to learn more about hexagons.

4. Use the Investigative Worksheet to research how honey bees make honeycombs and write the definitions to the vocabulary words above.

5. Make the honeycomb craft project shown in the first video.

**Questions**

Why is the hexagon shape more efficient than another shape for a honeycomb?

What is the sum of all the interior angles of a regular hexagon?

What is the degree of all interior angles of a regular hexagon?

How does temperature involved in the process of building a honeycomb?

**Resources**

Why Are Honeycomb Cells Hexagonal?

What is it about Bees and Hexagons?

The Honeycomb Conjecture

Wiki: Hexagon

Math Is Fun: Hexagon

Polygons: Hexagons

Why is the Hexagon Everwhere: All About this Seemingly Common Shape

Wiki: Honeycomb

Wiki: Honeycomb Structure

Hexagons for a Reason: Innovative Engineering Using a Honeycomb

**Dance of the Honey Bee (Short Documentary)**