The American Revolution or American Revolutionary War occurred when the thirteen American colonies broke from the British empire and formed the independent nation, the United States of America.
Americans rejected the authority of the British to tax them without representation and protests escalated at the Boston Tea Party of 1773.
The British returned in force in July 1776, landing in New York and defeating George Washington’s Continental Army at the Battle of Brooklyn in August, one of the largest engagements of the war. After the Battle of Brooklyn, the British requested a meeting with representatives from Congress to negotiate an end to hostilities.
A delegation including John Adams and Benjamin Franklin met William Howe on Staten Island in New York Harbor on September 11, in what became known as the Staten Island Peace Conference. Howe demanded a retraction of the Declaration of Independence, which was refused. The British then quickly seized New York City and nearly captured General Washington. They made the city their main political and military base of operations in North America, holding it until November 1783.
Learn more about the American Revolution:
- American Revolution
- American Revolutionary War
- Thirteen Colonies
- Kingdom of Great Britain
- Boston Tea Party
- No Taxation Without Representation
- Battles of the American Revolution
- Treaty of Paris
- Peace of Paris
- George III of the United Kingdom
- George Washington
- Charles Cornwallis
- Continental Army
- Sons of Liberty
- John Adams
- Alexander Hamilton
- Thomas Jefferson
- George Mason
- Paul Revere
- Benedict Arnold
- Signing of the United States Declaration of Independence
- United States Declaration of Independence
- Transcript of the Declaration of Independence